Visit Website Did you know? Edgar Hoover was quick to equate any kind of protest with communist subversion, including the civil rights demonstrations led by Martin Luther King Jr. Hoover labeled King a communist and covertly worked to intimidate and discredit the civil rights leader. Visit Website Such ideas were not totally unfounded.
The Reagan Administration The Affluent Society The s are often seen as a counterpoint to the decades that followed it — a period of conformity, prosperity, and peace after the Korean War endedas compared to the rebellion, unrest, and war that began in the s.
However, the decade was not without its problems. Many domestic and foreign policy issues surfaced in the '50s that the United States would grapple with in the years ahead.
Internationally, the Cold War continued. Even with three recessions during the eight years of the Eisenhower administration, the country's per capita income rose and inflation remained low.
Americans had more discretionary income, and they spent it on cars, homes, television sets, and an array of other household appliances. Bymore than 60 percent of Americans owned their own homes, and three quarters of the households in the country had television sets.
Much of this consumer spending was done on credit, with bank loans, installment buying, and credit cards which were introduced in The physical well being of Americans was as good as their economic health. Advances in medicine included new antibiotics and, perhaps most important, a successful vaccine against poliomyelitis, a disease that had crippled millions of children.
Jonas Salk announced his discovery of a polio vaccine inand four years later, Dr. Albert Sabin developed a vaccine that could be taken orally. With a nationwide inoculation program, polio disappeared from the United States.
The influx of people to the suburbs that began after World War II continued unabated throughout the s.
Meanwhile, population growth slowed in cities and decreased in rural areas, and bynearly 40 percent of all Americans lived in suburbia. As the number of cars increased, so did the demand for gasoline and better roads.
Although people were willing to drive or take public transportation to work, they were not willing to go to the city to shop. Consequently, shopping centers became a distinctive feature on the suburban landscape during the decade, and cities' central business districts showed signs of decline.
Labor in the Fifties. The composition of the labor force changed dramatically in the s. Although union membership began to drop late in the decade, organized labor made significant gains.
The number of women working outside the home increased significantly in the '50s. Women continued to earn considerably less than men for doing the same job, regardless of whether they worked in a factory or office, or in a profession such as teaching or nursing.
The fact that so many women worked outside the home ran counter to the myth in popular culture that emphasized the importance of traditional gender roles. Advertising, mass circulation magazines such as Life, and television's situation comedies sent the message that women should focus on creating a beautiful home and raising a family.
Although some Republicans hoped that Eisenhower would dismantle all of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal programs, the president realized that doing so was neither possible nor desirable. However, the president's domestic agenda did reverse some New Deal trends. For example, Eisenhower focused on reducing the federal budget, which included cutting farm subsidies, abolishing the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, keeping inflation in check, and promoting private rather than public development of the nation's energy resources.
Despite Eisenhower's concern for fiscal responsibility, he was prepared to increase spending to get the country out of the, and recessions. Modern Republicanism represented a pragmatic approach to domestic policy. Committed to limiting the role of the government in the economy, the administration was ready to act when circumstances demanded it.
Eisenhower's modern Republicanism embraced two major public works projects — the St.
Lawrence Seaway and the interstate highway system. The Interstate Highway Act, passed inauthorized the federal government to finance 90 percent of the cost of building the interstate system through a tax on automobiles, parts, and gasoline that went into the Highway Trust Fund.
Although the economy grew in the s, not everyone experienced prosperity. Despite the expansion of Social Security, older Americans often lived in substandard housing with inadequate food and medical care.Music history of the United States in the s is within the scope of the WikiProject Regional and national music, an attempt at building a resource on the music of all the peoples and places of the world.
Media in category "United States in the s" The following 21 files are in this category, out of 21 total. In the s, Latin America was the center of covert and overt conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States.
Also, a mechanical television system, which scanned images using a rotating disk with holes arranged in a spiral pattern, had been demonstrated by John Logie Baird in England and Charles Francis Jenkins in the United States earlier in the s. Sep 13, · Watch video · As the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States intensified in the late s and early s, hysteria over the perceived threat posed by Communists in the U.S. became known as the. women who have served in Congress, see CRS Report RL, Women in the United States Congress, Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress, by Jennifer E. Manning and Ida A. Brudnick.
Their varying collusion with national, populist, and elitist interests destabilized the region. The United States experienced a religious revival in the s, with more than 60 percent of Americans reporting they belonged to a church or synagogue, as opposed .
Sep 13, · Watch video · As the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States intensified in the late s and early s, hysteria over the perceived threat posed by Communists in the U.S. became known as the. ss: Civil rights era, Vietnam War the U.S.
Motivated by the Civil Rights movement of the s and 60s and the media attention it garnered—from the Montgomery bus boycott, to the.