Predecessors[ edit ] Before the devices existed that are now referred to as mobile phones or cell phones, there were some precursors. They were accused of fraud and the charge was then dropped, but they do not seem to have proceeded with production. Inthe company Zugtelephonie AG was founded to supply train telephony equipment and, intelephone service in trains of the Deutsche Reichsbahn and the German mail service on the route between Hamburg and Berlin was approved and offered to first-class travelers.
Branchless banking and Contactless payment In many countries, mobile phones are used to provide mobile banking services, which may include the ability to transfer cash payments by secure SMS text message.
Kenya's M-PESA mobile banking service, for example, allows customers of the mobile phone operator Safaricom to hold cash balances which are recorded on their SIM cards. Cash can be deposited or withdrawn from M-PESA accounts at Safaricom retail outlets located throughout the country and can be transferred electronically from person to person and used to pay bills to companies.
Branchless banking has also been successful in South Africa and the Philippines. Zidisha uses mobile banking for loan disbursements and repayments, transferring funds from lenders in the United States to borrowers in rural Africa who have mobile phones and can use the Internet.
Eventually, the idea spread and inthe Philippines launched the country's first commercial mobile payments systems with mobile operators Globe and Smart.
Some mobile phones can make mobile payments via direct mobile billing schemes, or through contactless payments if the phone and the point of sale support near field communication NFC.
Cellphone surveillance and Mobile phone tracking Mobile phones are commonly used to collect location data. While the phone is turned on, the geographical location of a mobile phone can be determined easily whether it is being used or not using a technique known as multilateration to calculate the differences in time for a signal to travel from the mobile phone to each of several cell towers near the owner of the phone.
Both the SIM card and the handset can be tracked. They possess technology that enables them to activate the microphones in mobile phones remotely in order to listen to conversations which take place near the phone.
A sign in the U.
It is widely considered dangerous due to distracted driving. Being distracted while operating a motor vehicle has been shown to increase the risk of accidents. In Marcha U. In Egypt, Israel, Japan, Portugal, and Singapore, both handheld and hands-free use of a mobile phone which uses a speakerphone is banned.
In other countries, including the UK and France and in many U. A simulation study at the University of Utah found a sixfold increase in distraction-related accidents when texting.
This has introduced additional difficulties for law enforcement officials when attempting to distinguish one usage from another in drivers using their devices. This is more apparent in countries which ban both handheld and hands-free usage, rather than those which ban handheld use only, as officials cannot easily tell which function of the mobile phone is being used simply by looking at the driver.
This can lead to drivers being stopped for using their device illegally for a phone call when, in fact, they were using the device legally, for example, when using the phone's incorporated controls for car stereo, GPS or satnav.
A study reviewed the incidence of mobile phone use while cycling and its effects on behaviour and safety. New Zealand has banned hand-held cell phone use since 1 November Many states in the United States have banned texting on cell phones while driving.
Illinois became the 17th American state to enforce this law. This database of laws provides a comprehensive view of the provisions of laws that restrict the use of mobile communication devices while driving for all 50 states and the District of Columbia between when first law was passed, through 1 December The dataset contains information on 22 dichotomous, continuous or categorical variables including, for example, activities regulated e.
Nomophobia and Mobile phone overuse The effect of mobile phone radiation on human health is the subject of recent[ when? Mobile phones use electromagnetic radiation in the microwave range, which some believe may be harmful to human health.
A large body of research exists, both epidemiological and experimental, in non-human animals and in humans. The majority of this research shows no definite causative relationship between exposure to mobile phones and harmful biological effects in humans.Yeah, you answered it right- for communication.
So the first and foremost role that mobile phones play in our lives is that they provide us an easy and fast way of communication. The mobile phones let users enjoy the social media on the go.
A major part of modern world is addicted to social networking sites. but the mobile phones do. In some parts of the world, mobile phone sharing is common. Cell phone sharing is prevalent in urban India, as families and groups of friends often share one or more mobile phones among their members.
There are obvious economic benefits, but often familial customs and traditional gender roles play a part. The launch of the iPhone in transformed the humble mobile phone from a one-trick tool for communication into a catch-all platform whose functionality is constantly evolving.
Modern cell phones are capable of internet access, sending and receiving photos and files, and some cell phones are equipped with GPS technology, allowing for use in most locations around the world and allowing the cell phone to be found or the user located in the event of loss or emergency.
Get the latest science news and technology news, read tech reviews and more at ABC News. With the increasing attention now being given to the role of mobiles in the educational sector in developing countries, there is a need at this juncture to take stock of the available evidence of the educational benefits that mobile phones provide in the developing world.