The objectives of OD are: In other words, these programs[ which? But broadly speaking, all organizational development programs try to achieve the following objectives: Organizational development helps in making employees align with the vision of the organization encouraging employees to solve problems instead of avoiding them strengthening inter-personal trust, cooperation, and communication for the successful achievement of organizational goals encouraging every individual to participate in the process of planning, thus making them feel responsible for the implementation of the plan creating a work atmosphere in which employees are encouraged[ by whom?
Micki Caskey, Vincent A. Early adolescence is a distinct period of human growth and development situated between childhood and adolescence. During this remarkable stage of the life cycle, young adolescents, to year-olds, experience rapid and significant developmental change.
Understanding and responding to the unique developmental characteristics of young adolescents is central among the tenets of middle level education.
Tenets of This We Believe addressed: Educators who value working with this age group and are prepared to do so Curriculum that is relevant, challenging, integrative, and exploratory Organizational structures that support meaningful relationships and learning During the 20th century, early adolescence gained acceptance as a distinctive period of development.
Stanley HallAmerican psychologist, identified early adolescence i.
Hall's study of adolescence captured not only the interest of scholars, but also the public Arnett, Other notable psychologists and theorists Flavell, ; Havighurst, ; Piaget,advanced the credibility of early adolescence and developmental stage theory.
Donald Eichhorna founder of the middle school, highlighted the importance of considering young adolescents' developmental characteristics when planning curriculum, instruction, and assessment and organizing the environment of the school. Professional organizations Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, ; National Association of Secondary School Principals, ; National Middle School Association,authored position statements and offered recommendations about the educational programs and practices that would address young adolescents' development.
Research suggests distinctive characteristics of young adolescents with regard to their physical, cognitive, moral, psychological, and social-emotional development, as well as spiritual development Scales, While examining these developmental characteristics of young adolescents, two cautions warrant consideration.
First, developmental characteristics are overlapping and interrelated; each affects another characteristic. These categorizations vary and are relatively arbitrary Scales, Many factors—race, ethnicity, gender, culture, family, community, environment and the like—influence development.
Cognizant of these cautions, a summary of developmental characteristics follows. Physical Developmental Characteristics Physical development refers to bodily changes including growth, improved gross and fine motor skills, and biological maturity.
In early adolescence, the young adolescent body undergoes more developmental change than at any other time except from birth to two years old.
Because bones are growing faster than muscles, young adolescents often experience coordination issues. The onset of puberty is an intense developmental period with hormones signaling the development of primary sex characteristics genitalia and secondary sex characteristics e. Girls tend to mature one to two years earlier than boys Caissy, The increased adrenal hormone production affects skeletal growth, hair production, and skin changes Dahl, In fact, research on moral development suggests that middle school is a crucial developmental period for these moral instincts to take root and grow.
But because of where adolescents are developmentally, we need to practice very specific strategies for translating their moral instincts into moral behavior. Stafford County Public Schools provides a comprehensive, challenging literacy program for all students.
This comprehensive approach includes direct, explicit reading instruction throughout the middle level grades, with an emphasis on reading comprehension and vocabulary development.
The skills curriculum: Study Skills, Organizational Skills, Self-Awareness and Understanding Self Skills: A Development of Skills Curriculum for Middle School Students was created for the guidance staff at Twin Oaks Middle School.
Seattle Pacific University, MA in Industrial/Organizational Psychology. One option for students who wish to pursue graduate study in I/O psychology is the Master of Arts (M.A.) in Industrial. Test and improve your knowledge of Organizational Development & Management with fun multiple choice exams you can take online with leslutinsduphoenix.com Middle School; Leaders can focus on more.
Discuss your interest in a doctoral study, indicating how your personal and professional goals, professional experiences, and commitment to education, learning, and research are congruent with a doctoral program in educational .