It has stood the test of time. Aldous Huxley wrote several influential books over the course of a long writing career but none has caused as much controversy and debate as Brave New World. Published inwhen fascism was beginning to raise its ugly head in Europe, the book went far beyond any totalitarian dream and introduced readers to a new nightmarish world controlled by cold, calculating scientific bureaucrats. You could say all inhabitants of this world have been manipulated from birth and are sleepwalking their way through uneventful lives.
How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world, That has such people in't. He was a contributor to Vanity Fair and Vogue magazines, and had published a collection of his poetry The Burning Wheel, and four successful satirical novels: Brave New World was Huxley's fifth novel and first dystopian work.
Huxley said that Brave New World was inspired by the utopian novels of H. He wrote in a letter to Mrs. Arthur Goldsmith, an American acquaintance, that he had "been having a little fun pulling the leg of H.
Wells", but then he "got caught up in the excitement of [his] own ideas. Huxley referred to Brave New World as a "negative utopia", somewhat influenced by Wells's own The Sleeper Awakes dealing with subjects like corporate tyranny and behavioural conditioning and the works of D.
Shortly before writing the novel, Huxley visited Mond's technologically advanced plant near Billinghamnorth east England, and it made a great impression on him.
Not only was Huxley outraged by the culture of youth, commercial cheeriness and sexual promiscuity, and the inward-looking nature of many Americans,  he had also found the book My Life and Work by Henry Ford on the boat to America, and he saw the book's principles applied in everything he encountered after leaving San Francisco.
Lenina Crowne, a hatchery worker, is popular and sexually desirable, but Bernard Marx, a psychologist, is not. He is shorter in stature than the average member of his high caste, which gives him an inferiority complex.
His work with sleep-learning allows him to understand, and disapprove of, his society's methods of keeping its citizens peaceful, which includes their constant consumption of a soothing, happiness-producing drug called soma.
Courting disaster, Bernard is vocal and arrogant about his criticisms, and his boss contemplates exiling him to Iceland because of his nonconformity. His only friend is Helmholtz Watson, a gifted writer who finds it difficult to use his talents creatively in their pain-free society.
Bernard takes a holiday with Lenina outside the World State to a Savage Reservation in New Mexicoin which the two observe natural-born people, disease, the aging process, other languages, and religious lifestyles for the first time.
The culture of the village folk resembles the contemporary Native American groups of the region, descendants of the Anasaziincluding the Puebloan peoples of AcomaLaguna and Zuni.
Bernard and Lenina witness a violent public ritual and then encounter Linda, a woman originally from the World State who is living on the reservation with her son John, now a young man.
She, too, visited the reservation on a holiday many years ago, but became separated from her group and was left behind. She had meanwhile become pregnant by a fellow-holidaymaker who is revealed to be Bernard's boss, the Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning.
She did not try to return to the World State, because of her shame at her pregnancy. Despite spending his whole life in the reservation, John has never been accepted by the villagers, and his and Linda's lives have been hard and unpleasant. Ostracised by the villagers, John is able to articulate his feelings only in terms of Shakespearean drama, especially the tragedies of OthelloRomeo and Juliet and Hamlet.
Linda now wants to return to London, and John, too, wants to see this "brave new world".
Bernard sees an opportunity to thwart plans to exile him, and gets permission to take Linda and John back. On their return to London, John meets the Director and calls him his "father", a vulgarity which causes a roar of laughter.
The humiliated Director resigns in shame before he can follow through with exiling Bernard.quotes from Brave New World: ‘Words can be like X-rays if you use them properly -- they’ll go through anything.
You read and you’re pierced.’. (Aldous Huxley, Brave New World Revisited) Soma was ingested daily by the citizens of Brave New World as it offered what Huxley called a “holiday from reality” (Aldous Huxley). Depending on the dosage, it stimulated feelings of euphoria, pleasant hallucinations, or acted as a powerful sleep-aid.
Brave New World, where happiness is the government’s means to social control. Huxley’s Brave New World turns Aristotle’s aim of man into a fait accompli, a utopia generated by state-.
North America. When Bernard brings John and John’s mother back to what once had been England and is now a Utopian society where technological and social “advances” exceed anything he could have imagined, John finds that he despises what he first “dreamt” a “brave new world” (Huxley ).
Brave New World belongs to the genre of utopian literature.
A utopia is an imaginary society organized to create ideal conditions for human beings, eliminating hatred, pain, neglect, and all of the other evils of the world. The government of Brave New World retains control by making its citizens so happy and superficially fulfilled that they don’t care about their personal freedom.
In Brave New World the consequences of state control are a loss of dignity, morals, values, and emotions—in short, a loss of humanity.