Have students use the internet to do this "Chemistry Scavenger Hunt". Do this " Atoms and Elements " crossword puzzle. The author tells you to set your printer options to print the background.
The primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points from the 1s subshell, are also harmonically manifested on the 2s subshell, which are labeled as Ls and Ls in the illustrated UVS atomic model on right.
The harmonics of the primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points manifested on the 2p subshell, are labeled as Lp and Lp, and the two sets of L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested on the 2p subshell from these harmonics, are labeled as L4-Lp, L5-Lp, L4-Lp and L5-Lp; these render the maximum of eight electrons for the L shell that encapsulates the 2s and 2p subshells.
The two harmonically manifested L1 and L2 Lagrangian points in the 3s subshell, are labeled as Ls and Ls. The harmonics of the primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points manifested on the 3p subshell, are labeled as Lp and Lp, and the two sets of L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested on the 3p subshell from these harmonics, are labeled as L4-Lp, L5-Lp, L4-Lp and L5-Lp; these forms the 6 Lagrangian points in the 3p subshell.
The 10 Lagrangian points on the 3p subshell, are formed with six harmonically manifested Lagrangian points from the 3p subshell, which are labeled as 3d-8 L13d-3 L23d-6 Atomic radius and atomic structure3d L53d-1 L43d-5 L5and two pairs of two L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of 3dL1 and 3d3-L2 manifested on the 3d subshell, which are labeled as 3d-7 L43d-9 L53d-2 L4and 3d-4 L5.
All these harmonics render the maximum of eighteen electrons for the M shell that encapsulates the 3s, 3p, and 3d subshells.
The UVS atomic model In a similar recursive manner, the 32 Lagrangian points in the N shell are harmonically manifested on the 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f subshells. See a table of information for the Lagrangian points of the UVS atomic model that tabulates the spawned Lagrangian points in the structure of a nested electron shell.
As illustrated in the diagram of the UVS atomic model, it is perceivable that the two primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points spawned in the 1s subshell, are resonated as harmonics at the L1 and L2 angular phases in all the outer subshells.
And they are also resonated as their L1 Lagrangian points in all other inner s-subshells. And all the 6 Lagrangian points spawned in the 2p subshell, are fully resonated in the 3p and 4p subshells, also all the 10 Lagrangian points spawned in the 3d subshell, are fully resonated in the 4d subshell.
Also, the 6 Lagrangian points spawned in the 2p subshell, are resonated to harmonically form 6 of the 10 electrons in the 3d, 4d, and 4f subshells. It can be perceived with this UVS atomic model that those features and characteristics of local symmetry formed in an atom, had occurred as a result of the manifold manifestation of Lagrangian points with its chirality pairs, and are resonated to form within each of the three spheroidal structures with intrinsic angular momentum.
The features and characteristics of the global symmetry for the 2nd sphere and the 3rd sphere in differential motion, are conserved by the cyclonic motion of the 1st sphere. It is apparent with the UVS atomic model that as a result of the 2nd sphere and the 3rd sphere are rendering four additional Lagrangian points outwardly to the next outermost subshell of an electron shell, which are rendered by the two pairs of L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested with the two primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points, or with its harmonics resonated in the outer electron shells.
Electrons could not form at the twelve O'clock and the six O'clock positions of the electron shell, are as a result of their vortical motions are being mutually cancelled out.
To simply illustrate this, the L4 Lagrangian point of the cyclonic 4f-1 and L4-Lp Lagrangian points that could possibly form on the 4d subshell of the N shell at the twelve O'clock position, is cancelled out by the L5 Lagrangian point of the anti-cyclonic 4f and L5-Lp Lagrangian points that also forms on the 4d subshell of the N shell at the twelve O'clock position.
The nested dual-core electron shell can be perceived as the manifested hypersphere of a 3-sphere structure, which is formed with a nested torus-shaped spheroidal structure manifested from the atomic nucleus, and it integrates with two nested torus-shaped spheroidal structures manifested from the L1 and L2 Lagrangian point of the atomic nucleus.
These three nested torus-shaped spheroidal structures interact in superpositionand they are thus transformed as a dual-core electron shell of the atom. All the empirical observations and revolutionary discoveries illustrated herein, converged as strong evidence for electron shell of an atom is formed with the nested hypersphere of a 3-sphere structure.
UVS predicates that the nested dual-core electron shell of an atom is formed with the nested hypersphere of a 3-sphere structure.
As a comparative analysis of ground state and excited states of an atom with its electrons in a lower subshell are energetically promoted to a higher subshell, the process is similar to the phenomenon of cometary outburst with its charged particles energetically pushed up to a higher nested layer in the coma of the comet.
In the UVS worldviewthe entire Solar System in its nested encapsulation, can be coherently perceived as a macroscopic scale electron of its galactic scale atom. And it can also be perceived as a macroscopic scale atom of its galactic scale molecule.
And its nested spheroidal unisonal vortexcan be perceived as the torus-shaped nested electron shell of the Solar System atom. The nested L1 and L2 Lagrangian points of the BOTSS, are differential dual-core accreting spinor fields of the Solar System atom that have had harmonically spawned in the torus-shaped nested Solar System electron shell.
A diagram showing the five Lagrangian points. The empirically observed HL Tau, demonstrates it is formed in a vortically coalesced nucleus of its apparently torus-shaped planetary system atom. In the comparative analysisJupiter can be perceived as a nested positron coalesced spheroidal body of stellar materials formed in the K shell, which is vortically impelled by the cyclonic spinor field generated at the harmonically resonated L1 Lagrangian point of the BOTSS.
From the UVS perspective, the motions of Jupiter and all other major planets, are governed by the nested dual-core orbitals of the nested Solar System electron shell in its nested L1 and L2 Lagrangian points, which spin around the BOTSS to render the effect of elliptic orbits in two-axis spin with their apsidal precessions to apparently rotate and revolve around the Sun.
The outer major planets Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, can be perceived as the nested positrons coalesced spheroidal bodies of stellar materials formed with the cyclonic spinor field of the L1 Lagrangian points within the outer shell walls of the L, M, and N shells respectively.
The inner major planets Mars, Earth, Venus, and Mercury, can thus be perceived as the nested positrons coalesced spheroidal bodies of stellar materials formed with the cyclonically rotating spinor fields of the L1 Lagrangian points on the 1s, 2s, 3s, and 4s subshells in the inner shell walls of their K, L, M,and N shells respectively.
The Trojan asteroids of Jupiter, as can be empirically observed, can be perceived to be withheld in the torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortex of the K shell by the nested spinor fields and the harmonics manifested from the L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of Jupiter. The Hildian asteroids in their revolving motions with apsidal precession as empirically observed, perceivably are collectively impelled by the L3, L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of Jupiter.
UVS predicates that the Trojan asteroids are encapsulated in the torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortex of of Jupiter at its L4 and L5 Lagrangian points with electrostatic repulsion force. See externally linked topics on " A list of objects at Lagrangian points " for more illustrations, and " Flux tube and plasma torus " that reports on charged particles spewed from Jupiter Moon Io had formed a gigantic Io Plasma Torus collection of particles, which orbit in the orbital of Jupiter.Atomic Radius.
Unlike a ball, an atom does not have a fixed radius. The radius of an atom can only be found by measuring the distance between the nuclei of two .
"The atomic mass, m a, of an unbound neutral atom of carbon, m a (12 C), in its nuclear and electronic ground states is 12 Da exactly, where Da is the symbol for unified atomic mass unit.
The atomic mass of 12 CC is 12 Da, and the atomic weight of 12 CC is 12 exactly. All other atomic weight values are ratios to the 12 C standard value and thus are dimensionless numbers.". Ionization energy decreases moving down a group for the same reason atomic size increases: electrons add new shells creating extra shielding that supersedes the addition of protons.
The atomic radius increases, as does the energy of the valence electrons. Compounds can be classified as ionic or covalent. Molecules are the simplest unit of a covalent compound, and molecules can be represented in many different ways.
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