She was influenced by following theorists: Nurses often relate to such people: The theory has progressed to include the health of all persons regardless of the presence or absence of disease. Humans are open to the whole energy system of the universe and constantly interacting with the energy.
We respect your privacy. You memorize the theorists, try to memorize what they stand for and hope to replay it successfully on nursing school exams. And the whole time, if you are like me, you wonder, "what am I going to do with this when I graduate?
What I really need to know is how to put in an IV! In fact, my personal philosophy for my job, my work ethic, my behavior and treatment of my patients all fall into the realms of a few specific nursing theorists I was forced to study in school.
It seems they built my framework for being a careful, conscientious, caring RN. There are many different theories of nursing, but let's take a look at some of the most prominent, and the nurses who developed them: Often called "the Nightingale of Modern Nursing," Henderson was a noted nursing educator and author.
Her "Need Theory" was based in practice and her education. She emphasized the importance of increasing a client's independence to promote their continued healing progress after hospitalization. Her definition of nursing was one of the first to mark the difference between nursing and medicine.
And to do this in such a way Generality of nursing theory to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible. She must in a sense, get inside the skin of each of her patients in order to know what he needs. Rogers honed her theory through many years of education.
She was not only a diploma nurse, she held a Master's of Public Health from Johns Hopkins University and completed her Doctorate of Nursing there as well.
She saw nursing as both a science and an art. Rogers' theory is known as that of the Unitary Human Beings. Nursing seeks to promote symphonic interaction between the environment and the person, to strengthen the coherence and integrity of the human beings, and to direct and redirect patterns of interaction between the person and the environment for the realization of maximum health potential.
Her development of this abstract system was strongly influenced by an early grounding in arts and background of science along with her keen interest in space.
Known as the Self-Care Theory, Orem's vision of health is a state characterized by wholeness of developed human structures and of bodily and mental functioning. It includes physical, psychological, interpersonal and social aspects.
Her major assumptions included that people should be self-reliant and responsible for their own care and the care of others in their family. She said that a person's knowledge of potential health problems is necessary for promoting self-care behaviors.
Orem defined nursing as an art, a helping service and a technology. The System Model, developed by Neuman, focuses on the response of the client system to actual or potential environmental stressors and the use of several levels of nursing prevention intervention for attaining, retaining and maintaining optimal client system wellness.
Neuman defines the concern of nursing is preventing stress invasion. If stress is not prevented then the nurse should protect the client's basic structure and obtain or maintain a maximum level of wellness.
Nurses provide care through primary, secondary and tertiary prevention modes. Four phases define Peplau's Interpersonal Theory or nursing. She views nursing as a maturing force that is realized as the personality develops through educational, therapeutic, and interpersonal processes.
Nurses enter into a personal relationship with an individual when a felt need is present. Peplau's model is still very popular with clinicians working with individuals who have psychological problems. One of the newer nursing theories, Transcultural Nursing first appeared in According to Leininger, the goal of nursing is to provide care congruent with cultural values, beliefs, and practices.
Leininger states that care is the essence of nursing and the dominant, distinctive and unifying feature. She says there can be no cure without caring, but that there may be caring with curing.
Health care personnel should work towards an understanding of care and the values, health beliefs, and life-styles of different cultures, which will form the basis for providing culture-specific care.
From Novice to Expert is probably the simplest nursing theory to understand. Benner describes five levels of nursing experience: The levels reflect a movement from reliance on abstract principles to the use of past concrete experience.
She proposes that a nurse could gain knowledge and skills without ever learning the theory. Each step builds on the previous one as the learner gains clinical expertise.
Simply put, Benner says experience is a prerequisite for becoming an expert. Benner published her "Novice to Expert Theory" in The theory of health as expanding consciousness was stimulated by concern for those for whom health as the absence of disease or disability is not possible, (Newman, ).
The theory has progressed to include the health of all persons regardless of the presence or absence of disease, (Newman, ).
PREFACE. his seventh edition of Nursing Research: Principles and Methods presents many important changes to this textbook. This edition retains the features that have made this an award-winning textbook, while introducing revisions that will make it more relevant in an environment that is increasingly focused on evidence-based nursing practice.
For Freshman Orientation or Critical Thinking courses as well as a supplementary text for use in any subject-matter at any educational level. This concise, effective guide is designed to help students learn to think critically in any subject-matter.
Learning to Think Things Through presents a combination of instruction and exercises that shows the reader how to become active learners rather. CHAPTER 29 Self-transcendence theory Doris D.
Coward “The quest for nursing is to understand the nature of and to facilitate nursing processes in diverse contexts of health experiences” (Reed, a, p. 77). Pamela G. Reed to present Credentials and background of the theorist Pamela G.
Reed was born in Detroit, Michigan, where she grew. Biography of Dorothea E. Orem. Dorothea E. Orem was born in in Baltimore, Maryland. In the early s, she earned her nursing diploma from the Providence Hospital School of Nursing in . A nursing theory is a set of concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions or propositions derived from nursing models or from other disciplines and project a purposive, systematic view of phenomena by designing specific inter-relationships among concepts for the purposes of describing, explaining, predicting, and /or prescribing.