Sample Essays, Example Research Papers and Tips Posted on by azseo Research Proposal on Internal Control over Cash Internal control over cash is the process which maintains the quality of financial operations and protects cash from the access of the third people with the help of various techniques and policies like signatures and record of cash withdrawal and other transactions in the databases. It is natural that the modern world goes round with the help of money and it is important to insure people in the safety of their finance, financial operations, banking services, etc.
Link to PDF version of this advice What follows is a collection of advice for writing research grants to the National Science Foundation. This document focuses on writing proposals to NSF, but the general advice can be applied to writing any proposal. General advice Always read the RFP request for proposal to find out what the funders want.
They will give you money only if you can help them reach their goals. The goals of funding agencies public and private vary dramatically.
Even within an agency, the style of proposals can be different among internal divisions.
Find out about the agency, its goals, and its review system. All proposals should answer the following questions in one form or another. What is the problem being addressed? What is the goal of the research being proposed?
What is the hypothesis being tested? Why is the problem important and interesting? What will you DO to address the problem? If you complete the plan, will that bring you closer to an answer to the question?
Do you have the resources equipment, graduate students, access to industry Writing NSF proposals NSF is organized a lot like a university, except that instead of departments and colleges it has divisions and directorates.
The Program Directors PDs, also equivalently called program managers and program officers are like professors and a lot of them are professors on leaves of absence. They have areas of specialization which correspond to the research areas covered by their programs.
The division directors are like department chairs. They oversee the broad research areas covered by the programs and deal with administrative issues.
The Assistant Directors are like Deans of Colleges. They lead the directorates and are responsible for the major research directions in Engineering, Physical Sciences, etc. The Director of NSF, who is like a university president or chancellor, is responsible for the overall direction of Science and Engineering Research.
This means that you may get to know a program director who may suddenly return to his or her university or may be reassigned to another program -- or that your program may be merged with a different program.
While this is disconcerting in the short run, in the long run it keeps programs from stagnating and helps NSF keep on the forefront of research areas.
Find out which program supports your research area. It's not always obvious. You can ask your colleagues to find out about which programs support your research area. Find out if there are other people at NSF you should talk to and what special initiatives might apply to you. You can find the list of telephone numbers and e-mail addresses from the NSF web site http: Read the program announcements before you contact the PD so that your questions will be direct and specific.
The easiest way to get started is to send a brief email to the program director stating which program you are interested in applying to, a short statement of your relevant research interests, your availability by phone or email, and a one-page attachment that covers the first three questions above: Some PDs prefer e-mail; some prefer phone calls.
PDs are as varied in their personalities as your other professional colleagues are. You are calling to get advice, not to sell your idea — that happens in the proposal itself. Remember to say "thank you. They spend most of the day on the computer and the phone and the rest of the time they're traveling and staying in government-rate hotels.
Treat the PDs as if they are intelligent people even if you doubt it. The PD will assign the reviewers and will make the final decision.Advice on Writing Proposals to the National Science Foundation.
Susan Finger sfinger at leslutinsduphoenix.com Carnegie Mellon University. Updated April The original . Writing a Term Paper Proposal. Planning your paper. Choosing and limiting a topic. Sample Proposal. TITLE: e.g., Phonological patterning of English loan words in Tongan. Term paper proposal Author: Yuko Otsuka Last modified by: Yuko Otsuka Created Date: 10/25/ PM.
Review of sample research proposal about Internal Control over Cash. Free example research paper on Internal Control over Cash for PhD or Master's degrees. Some proposal writing tips. A formal business proposal is a document needed to submit if you are offering a product or services to a prospective client.
These services or products should have benefits such as it should be profitable and helping to solve an specific problem. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
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