Records written on clay tablets show that Hammurabi was a very capable administrator and a successful warrior. His rule spanned from B. When he became king inhe was still young, but had already become entrusted with many official duties in his administration. In the early years of his reign, Hammurabi mostly participated in traditional activities, such as repairing buildings, digging canals, and fighting wars.
The black stone stele containing the Code of Hammurabi was carved from a single, four-ton slab of diorite, a durable but incredibly difficult stone for carving. At its top is a two-and-a-half-foot relief carving of a standing Hammurabi receiving the law—symbolized by a measuring rod and tape—from the seated Shamash, the Babylonian god of justice.
The rest of the seven-foot-five-inch monument is covered with columns of chiseled cuneiform script. But the code is also one of the earliest examples of an accused person being considered innocent until proven guilty. The edicts are all written in if-then form. For example, if a man steals an ox, then he must pay back 30 times its value.
The edicts range from family law to professional contracts and administrative law, often outlining different standards of justice for the three classes of Babylonian society—the propertied class, freedmen and slaves. Penalties for malpractice followed the same scheme: There they uncovered the stele of Hammurabi—broken into three pieces—that had been brought to Susa as spoils of war, likely by the Elamite king Shutruk-Nahhunte in the midth century B.
The stele was packed up and shipped to the Louvre in Paris, and within a year it had been translated and widely publicized as the earliest example of a written legal code—one that predated but bore striking parallels to the laws outlined in the Hebrew Old Testament.
Supreme Court building features Hammurabi on the marble carvings of historic lawgivers that lines the south wall of the courtroom.Salt and agriculture, the rise and fall of Sargon's empire, and invasion of the Amorites.
Immediately download the Code of Hammurabi summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - everything you need for studying or teaching Code of Hammurabi.
Code of Hammurabi refers to a code of law proclaimed by Babylon King Hammurabi, who ruled from to B.C. This code represents revision of earlier codes such as Sumerian and Akkadian laws.
The Code of Hammurabi, history homework help. custom essay writing service Question description Introduction: The Code of Hammurabi was a very influential early code of law, and it influenced other systems of ancient law.
From the Magna Carta. Code of Hammurabi, and common law to today's special interest groups and law enforcement agencies, test your young historians on the evolution of the rule of law in society with this multiple choice assessment. May 04, · READING Hammurabi's Code of Laws translated by C.
H. W. Johns The Code of Hammurabi is the most complete and famous collection of Babylonian laws. It was discovered in on a seven-and-a-half foot tall obelisk in Susa, in what is now southern Iran.