An archaic Greek Kouros from Thebes in the so-called Orientalizing style. Bernal rejects the theory that Greek civilization was founded by Indo-European settlers from Central Europe; that theory which Bernal calls the Aryan model became generally accepted during the 19th century. Bernal defends instead what he calls the Ancient model; the name refers to the fact that both Egyptian and Phoenician influences on the Greek world were widely accepted in Antiquity.
Jump to navigation Jump to search Positive economics as opposed to normative economics is the branch of economics that concerns the description and explanation of economic phenomena.
Positive economics as scienceconcerns analysis of economic behavior. Positive economics as such avoids economic value judgements.
For example, a positive economic theory might describe how money supply growth affects inflationbut it do not provide any instruction on what policy ought to be followed.
Still, positive economics is commonly deemed necessary for the ranking of economic policies or outcomes as to acceptability,  which is normative economics. Positive economics is sometimes defined as the economics of "what is", whereas normative economics discusses "what ought to be".
The distinction was exposited by John Neville Keynes  and elaborated by Milton Friedman in an influential essay.
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The logical basis of such a relation as a dichotomy has been disputed in the philosophical literature. Such debates are reflected in discussion of positive science and specifically in economics, where critics, such as Gunnar Myrdaland proponents of Feminist Economics such as Julie A.
Nelson Geoff Schneider and Jean Shackelford and Diana Strassmann dispute the idea that economics can be completely neutral and agenda-free. Positive economics concerns what is.
To illustrate, an example of a positive economic statement is as follows:Roots study guide contains a biography of Alex Haley, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Jul 02, · Chrissy Teigen made it a point to highlight the contributions of immigrants at the Families Belong Together rally in Los Angeles this past weekend.
Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, its three volumes first published in , , and respectively, is a scholarly work by Martin leslutinsduphoenix.com discusses ancient Greece in a new light. Bernal's thesis discusses the perception of ancient Greece in relation to Greece's African and Asiatic neighbors, especially the ancient Egyptians and Phoenicians who, he believes.
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