Definitions[ edit ] There is no single consensus definition of a social movement.
Such efforts have been called social movements. A social movement is defined as a collectively acting with some continuity to promote or resist a change in the society or group of which it is a part.
Social movement is a form of dynamic pluralistic behavior that progressively develops structure through time and aims at partial or complete modification of the social order. A social movement may also be directed to resist a change. Some movements are directed to modify certain aspects of the existing social order whereas others may aim to change it completely.
The former are called reform movements and the latter are called revolutionary movements. Social movements may be of numerous kinds such as religious movements, reform movements or revolutionary movements.
Lundberg defined social movement as a voluntary association of people engaged in concerted efforts to change attitudes, behavior and social relationships in a larger society.
Main features of social movement may be It is an effort by a group. Its aim is to bring or resist a change in society It may be organized or unorganized. It may be peaceful or violent Its life is not certain. It may continue for a long period or may die out soon.Social movements are purposeful, organized groups that strive to work toward a common social goal.
While most of us learned about social movements in history classes, we tend to take for granted the fundamental changes they caused —and we may be completely unfamiliar with the trend toward global social movements.
Until the s, the study of social movements was firmly within a diverse sociological tradition that explored the relationship between social structure and political behavior, and was preoccupied with explaining variation in the political orientation of movements: their ideologies, aims, motivations, or propensities for violence.
A social movement is a purposely organized group working to a shared or common social goal. A public is an unorganized, diffuse group of people who share similar ideas. A flash mob is a group of people who come together to do a spontaneous activity that lasts for a short time.
The recent events in the North of Africa and also in Europe have thrown the discussion over the influence of Social Media and Social Networking sites in this new social movements, that seem to be quite spontaneous and horizontal, with and incredible capacity of self-organization that remembers the network paradigm of coordination without centres.
Social Movements. I. TYPES AND FUNCTIONS OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTSRudolf Heberle.
II. THE STUDY OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTSJoseph R. Gusfield.
The articles under this heading survey and analyze the general features of social movements and describe various approaches to their study.
Wherever they occur, social movements can dramatically shape the direction of society. When individuals and groups of people—civil rights activists and other visionaries, for instance—transcend traditional bounds, they may bring about major shifts in social .